History of Indian handicraft dates back to 3000 B.C References of Handicraft were found in Indus Valley Civilization (3000 B.C - 1700 B.C.). Handmade objects were mainly for day to day use. Later, needs for decoration, beauty and aesthetic appeal gave rise to what we call handicraft today. Metal and clay were main ingredients.
Indian Kings and Emperors were known to be art lovers who sponsored many artistic pursuits and archeological marvels. Caves of Ajanta, Ellora, Khajuraho etc. are examples of fresco and paintings, Konark in Orissa is another landmark of majestic stone craft which took years to complete.
Later on Mughals brought Persian art and craft which blended with Hindu art in a splendid way to give rise to wonders of the world such as the Taj Mahal.
Modern day India has seen areas and clusters specializing in specific forms of handicraft. These areas nurtured specific art forms, developed over generations. Firozabad in UP for glass handicraft, Moradabad for brass handicraft, Shahranpur for wooden handicraft, Bhadohi and Mizapur for beautiful handmade carpets are world famous.
Detail history of various Indian handicraft such as glass beads, bone handicraft, brass and metal, bamboo art work, clay art, ceramic art etc.